During a recent trip to Ukraine for the 2015 Ukraine Dairy Congress, I had the opportunity to visit two dairy operations near the capitol city of Kyiv. These modern dairy farms were both excellent examples of how the Ukrainian dairy industry in Eastern Europe is becoming more efficient, productive and profitable.
Many of the management strategies made on dairy operations in the United States and other leading dairy nations have been adapted to the more progressive farm operations. However, not all the dairy operations in Ukraine have been able to adapt the larger dairy models. At the conference, three distinct types of operations were referenced.
According to the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service Report, 78 percent of the total raw milk in Ukraine is concentrated in household farms of less than five cows per farm. These represented the “social farms” where a significant portion of milk is consumed within the household, sold to neighbors or in open-air markets in nearby towns. The other types of farms mentioned at the conference were identified as “industrial farms” that would be larger in scale and sell milk to the processors and may have been part of the former collective farm system.
The last type was referenced as a “progressive association farm.” These farms have the advantage of utilizing services such as veterinary, nutrition, farm managers, marketing and commodity buying. The farms visited were considered above average operations and had 17,500- and 21,500-pound herd averages.
Even though the progressive farms have seen improvements in their operations, managing forage supplies is a common challenge. This is not unique to only the Ukrainian dairy industry. In Michigan farms that I have visited, managing the forage supplies at the silo is an area where many producers can often make improvements. These improvements can lead to decreased dry matter losses and make a sizeable impact in reduced economic losses from feed shrink.
Here are a few suggestions to help manage bunk silos more effectively.
Source: Phil Kaatz, Michigan State University Extension
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